By: Senussi Bsaikri*
Look thoroughly into events in Benghazi; you will notice that the
after-February scenario is being repeated, but more quickly, more intense, on the more flammable ground.
Once we felt that the bigger danger was ended, other issues appeared between allies and partners, such matters took different directions, warning of a new conflict.
The first main factor causing war is the contradictions among the society components for reasons related to the distances in the intellectual and the social backgrounds.
The motives of wars, running for three years, are mixed of intellectual, political, and social.
It appeared that, after the Dignity Operation army of the House of Representatives (HoR), the polarisation exists between its social and political elements, expressing itself in many ways like:
– Rivalry between Al-Awageer tribe and the commander of the Dignity Operation, Khalifa Haftar
– The stampede between religious and civil currents
– Repeated confrontations between criminal investigations and special forces, (and here comes two factors; regional and influence).
The so-called “religious civil conflict” resurfaced again during the last few months in friction around general daily attitudes.
The reasons for that are the conviction of the religious current, the Salafi current, the followers of Rabea Madkhali who actively contributed to Dignity Operation, who are responsible for protecting the religion, morals, values, and carrying our rituals.
It is thought that this current, partially, contributed to some decisions like women travel ban, defining the age for female travelers, confiscation of books, objecting against a party in Arab University and what accompanied of detentions, and the imposition of Jumaa speeches that attacked secularism, which is called “the civil current.”
Denouncing reactions were shy, for the security situation, as war is still on, and threats exist even if limited.
Some say it is out of fear from the Salafi current, but concerns exist among the supporters of the civil current, revealed in different ways. Many secularism supporters spoke of the similar scenario for the presence of Jihadism before the Dignity Operation. Others stressed the need to face them before imposing their will, control culture, and intellectual life.
Some accused supporters of that current of involvement in grave digging and body desecration.
In the opposite, the Interim Government affiliated Mosques department issued string moused statement, bearing the direct warning for “those secularists” vowing to stop them with every possible means, adding that “they have no place in Libya but to adhere to Qur’an and Sunnah.”
The Salafi pro pages viewed the list of dozens of books and civil activists, regarded them “enemies of the religion” mentioning proves for their wrong doings.
The civil current backers saw it a direct incitement against them and their ideologies, and indeed a start for more serious developments.
The second factor that fed the war is the absence of the culture of dialogue, search for commons, and the need to avoid escalation due to the mentioned contradictions, restore to intimidation, mobilisation with every possible means.
In another meaning, the city lacks proper management for disputes, especially when it is not just social or political but rather fed by ideologies. The current war increased the violence and the usage of power in solving disputes.
And if you add weapons proliferation, as religious, tribal and regional powers still preserve their military power represented in the organisational structure of separate independent brigades who have all kinds of weapons, the possibility of turning intellectual differences and ideological contradictions into armed conflict is very likely.
Haftar is the power element in the equation, balance factor in Benghazi, for his position to change for any reasons shall hasten possible confrontations.
Also, because the mentioned parties are dominant with its supporters and weaponry, it will be hard to control but to dismantle their forces, which means that the disintegration of the primary basis of the army would lead to weakening the army affiliated with the HoR.
*A Libyan Writer
Translated By LIBYAPROSPET: Source