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Between forming GNA and international intervention in Libya

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LIBYAPROSPECT – Heba Mahmoud

The Presidential Council (PC) members are convening, Sunday, in Skhirat to finish the final formation of the Government of National Accord (GNA).

Relevant sources said that members receive written invitation to attend the session, from which member Ali Al-Qatrany is absent, as he left Skhirat objecting GNA formation. The PC is supposed to propose the final formation, Sunday.

From another side, Algeria and Red Crescent applied many procedures to begin humanitarian operations in case military action was launched inside Libya, as many western powers prepare for military action against the Islamic State (IS) inside Libya.

Relevant sources said, according to Al-Shorouk newspaper, that Algeria put a scheme to prepare camps for fled refugees and injuries, which are nearly same procedures applied by Tunisia.

Algeria also mobilized extra troops along the borders with Libya, to prevent fighters from traveling across both countries. Borders area witness intense reconnaissance operations.

Neighboring countries prepare for possible military actions inside Libya against the IS, while consultations proceed in Shkirat to achieve an agreement on forming the GNA.

And inside Libya, official forces imposed security cordon around Sirte, which is under the IS control, to prevent more fighters coming from Europe for joining the group.

Local sources said that around 50 French fighters coming from Mali and Niger arrived to Sirte. The imposed siege caused humanitarian crisis, after blocking food and medical shipments.

Many countries expressed their refusal to any military action inside Libya, preferring to intense political efforts. Algeria and Tunisia both opposed any military action, confirmed their support to political resolutions and the Government of National Accord.

The Tunisian Foreign Secretary, Khamis Alghinawa, said that both sides stressed “the importance of reconciliation to form the GNA that could start its work from Tripoli and can fight terrorism, refusing any military actions”.

Both countries fear that any military actions would increase terrorist activities and grant legitimacy to extremist claims of foreign invasion, which would affect their national security.

The Algerian Foreign Minister, Ramtane Lamamra, said that his country “doesn’t believe military action would be effective. We don’t think escalation, through providing arm, would accomplish consensus”.

The head of Tunisian Parliament, Mohamed Al-Nasser, confirmed his country’s position towards refusing military actions and supporting peaceful resolutions. He expressed Tunisia’s fears during his meeting with the United States ambassador to Tunisia, Daniel Robinson, and the former foreign secretary.

From his side, the Egyptian Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, discussed Libya with the head of German Security Council, Christophe Toniegen, in sideline of Libya’s meeting in Munich, attended by foreign ministers of Egypt, France, Italy, German, United State and higher representative of foreign policy, Frederica Mogherini, and the also the head of the House of Representatives, Ageela Saleh.

The spokesperson of Egyptian foreign ministry, Ahmed Abu-Zaid, said that the meeting thoroughly discussed Libya and Syria developments, and stressed the importance of finalizing the GNA formation to achieve stability and security.

In the international front, the Italian Defense Minister, Roberta Penotti, said that France and Britain won’t launch unilateral war inside Libya, and that Italy would lead the next military move.

She added, Sunday, that “France and UK won’t move unilaterally in Libya like 2011. We agreed on that during defense ministers meeting attended by Ashton Carter”. She pointed that next military action will seek to protect oil that used by Eni and its workers inside Libya.

“We are not talking about any war, we are talking about actions against terrorism, we will need extra funding worth 600 million, Italian parliament assigned such funding to war against the IS in Iraq”.

The Canadian Defense Minister, Harjit Sajjan, said that his country could join military coalitions against the IS in Libya.

He added that he met with his Italian counterpart to discuss the matter, pointing that they have the same point of views between Canada and Italy about political situation in Libya. He pointed that it is possible to wage military action before spring.