By: Omar Elkeddi*
Greeks in eastern Libya and the Romans in the west proved that Libya is valid to the establishment of a thriving civilizations that
last for several centuries before fading down. But today the Libyan entity seems very fragile after the collapse of the state, and the emergence of armed tribal entities.
The first to notice such vulnerability is Muhammad Bin Ali Al-Senussi, who applied the theory of Ibn Khaldun, which is using religious and tribalism advocacy in order to build a less fragile entity, but Al-Senussi discovered that his call is valid only in the nomadic areas, so he stayed away from Benghazi and Derna, the only two cities in eastern Libya in the nineteenth century, even his convoys coming from Africa were selling their goods in Matrouh, where nomadic Libyan tribes.
Al-Senussi believed that the cities are not in need of him where the courts, governors and trade that come by sea, while the Bedouins have no courts, that’s how Al-Senussi corner turned into the main headquarters to dispute resolution, a school to teach religion and writing, a shopping center for convoys to rest, a training center for arms, and a center for the collection of zakat.
Later, his grandson Idris would realize the wisdom of his grandfather when he decided to get out of Benghazi after the killing of the headmaster of private property Ibrahim Alshelhy, preferring to stay in Tobruk.
Abdullah Alguery, coming from Egypt, realized the fragility of the Libyan entity when he arrived in Libya, speaking the Egyptian accent, and issued “the meaning of the entity, the words to the national, and Libyan personality”, in response to the book “Al-Senussi in Barqa” by the British Anthropologist Evans-Pritchard, Who said in his book that Libya is isolated not related communities and Islands, while Abdul Hamid Al-Backouch tried to cope with Nasserism in Libya after taking over the ministry in 1967, Ali Fahmi Khushaim found nothing to build such character but Roman and Greek heritage, so he translated the book “shifts of the golden colt and Sabratha defense” by Apuleius, ” Cyrene Belle” to Plautus, Libyan texts. But after Gaddafi’s coup, Khushaim turned on himself, and instead of the Libyan personality he started to see the Arab one, even he made all the world’s languages sourced from the Arabic language, which underlines the fragility of the Libyan regime.
The Al-Senussi movement couldn’t find great resonance in the west of the country, except the desert areas where Sinni family founded oratory in Mezda. The western area adopted the Turkish administrative system, where one person was assigned with the tasks of Pasha of Tripoli, who basically come from the big families in the region, such as Belkhair family in Werfalla, the Kaabar family in Gharyan, Al-Marayed family in Tarhuna, Bengdara family in Zliten and other families, while Fezzan succumbed to Awlad Suleiman family and Seif al-Nasr, and families who gave birth to theologians like Al-Hudhairy family.
That’s how Italy found Libya at the time of its invasion in 1911. While General Balbo managed, in ten years period, to build all areas in Tripoli, from Martyrs’ Square to the king’s palace, and Omar al-Mukhtar Street, and the same in the center of Benghazi; Gaddafi, during 42 years, failed to construct what Balbo did, except the former Al-Akwakh neighborhood in Tripoli, before ignoring the two main cities in Libya to turn Sirte from a town surrounded by sand to a new city of luxury palaces, then, here is the Islamic State appears to occupy the whole city, confirming the validity of Ibn Khaldun theory, which is the desire of Bedouin to transform to civilization.
What increased the vulnerability of the Libyan entity are the results of World War II. Idris has ruled Barqa under the British domination, while they totally controlled Tripoli, and the French dominated Fezzan. But after difficult throes, Libya managed to become independent and unified with its three territories.
Now, Libya is suffering once again from the vulnerability of the entity, and even if the Government of National Accord narrowly succeeded to re-structure the state, the country will need long years of investment in education, media, culture and arts to strengthen that fragile entity, and leave the intensive care room, especially that the country, throughout its history, has been subjected to strong tyrant, did not get used to democracy, where its representatives only represent this vulnerability.
*A Libyan Writer
Translated By LIBYAPROSPECT: Source