The United Nations Security Council has on Wednesday given its blessings to the Libyan political agreement signed in Skhirat on December 17th, which stipulated forming a government of unity and national accord.
The resolution, drafted by Britain, made clear that Libya’s future unity government should be the sole representative for the North African country, where competing governments have long vied for power.
Western powers hope the unity government will bring stability and help to combat a growing Islamic State (IS) presence.
During the past year Libya had Two rival governments and affiliated parliaments; a self-declared government in Tripoli and an internationally recognized one in the east.
UN diplomats and officials said privately they are very worried that the precarious agreement in Libya could fall apart in the coming days or weeks, Reuters reported.
The resolution said the Security Council welcomed the formation of the Presidency Council in Libya and urged it to form a unity government within 30 days, as called for in last week’s agreement.
The resolution demanded all countries to “Stop support and official communications with the parallel institutions, which claims to be the legitimate authorities, although it is not within the framework of the political agreement, and to respond to requests for assistance from the Government of National Accord (GNA), to implement the political agreement”.
The resolution urges “militias and armed groups to respect the authority of the Government of National Accord and its structures”, while demanding the government to “protect the unity and credibility of the National Oil Corporation, the Central Bank, and the investments authority”, calling for these institutions to “accept the authority of the unity government as the legitimate government only for Libya.”
The resolution emphasized “the need to punish persons and entities that support or do actions that threaten the peace, stability, security, or interfere with, or undermine the success of the transition towards a safe, stable, and prosperous Libya, with the application of the travel ban and the freezing of funds, according to UN Security Council Resolution 2213”.
The resolution considers “The importance of government’s control over weapons and its safe storage, with the support of the international community.
Sanctions Committee should be ready to impose sanctions on persons, groups, entities, and events associated with al-Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS) in Libya.”
It also urged the Presidency Council to finalize interim security arrangements necessary for bringing stability to Libya and called on UN member states to “respond urgently to requests for assistance” from Libya’s unity government.
The chiefs of the two rival parliaments already have rejected the UN deal and wanted more time to negotiate a Libyan initiative, though diplomats say both men could face international sanctions for blocking a vote on the agreement.