The top diplomats and senior officials from 16 nations, the African Union, the Arab League and the UN met on Sunday in Rome in an effort to push the Libyan rivals to adopt the UN-sponsored political agreement that is expected to save Libya from the brink it has been standing on.
The plan calls for the creation of a national unity government, within 40 days, that would then seek security assistance from outside parties to ease the conflict and fight the Islamic State group (IS).
The plan would give the Libyan factions until early February to form a presidency council that would appoint a cabinet, including chiefs of the Central Bank and National Oil Corporation, and begin the process of moving the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR) back to Tripoli.
In a joint statement, the international participants called on all parties to accept “an immediate, comprehensive cease-fire in all parts of Libya” and to sign on the political deal.
The UN envoy to Libya, Martin Kobler, who attended the meeting, has earlier expected the deal to be signed on December 16th.
The US Foreign Minister, John Kerry, and the Italian Foreign Minister, Paolo Gentiloni, co-hosted Sunday’s meeting.
Kerry said that the international community is convinced that the representatives of Libyan factions attending the Rome gathering “speak for most Libyans.”
Kerry said “those leaders have endorsed what is the only legitimate basis for moving ahead.”
He told reporters after the talks that the spread of the IS in Libya had made the country “dangerous for everyone” and that Libyan representatives present at the conference had pledged to sign a UN-brokered deal for the Government of National Accord 9GNA) on Wednesday.
Kerry added that “those who disrupt a deal will pay a price for their actions.”
The Turkish Foreign Minister, Mevlut Cavusoglu, expressed Turkey’s support for an inclusive political solution that brings stability back to Libya and the region. “The current situation in Libya is not sustainable”, he added.
He pointed out that the territorial integrity of Libya should be protected, and added that there was no other way but a political solution to ease the current situation in the country.
He suggested that a countrywide cease-fire should be declared as soon as possible in Libya.