LIBYAPROSPECT – Editorial
Reactions have been variable since the announcement of the National Accord Government, Thursday, by United Nations Special Envoy, Bernardino Leon.
The government is headed by the member of the House of Representatives, HoR, Fayez Sarrag. The government also includes; member of the former General National Congress, GNC, Mousa Alkony, Education Minister in HoR’s government, Fathy Almagbry, and the Libyan business man, Ahmad Metig.
Public reactions in South, East and West Libya were welcoming the new government, hoping that this government can tackle the worsening humanitarian situations, deterioration of public services, and work to impose security and end the state of war in eastern Libya.
Members of the GNC refused the new government in statements on social media and through TV channels, saying that it doesn’t meet the expectations from talks and doesn’t represent different Libyan views taking part in the talks.
Justice and Construction party, Adalaa Wa Benaa, welcomed “the bith of the National Accord Government” in a statement. It expressed its willingness to support the government to gain confidence.
The statement elaborated that the party didn’t nominate any of its members for the government.
The party refused Leon’s submission of names of ministers since it is considered an encroachment on the powers of the Prime Minister.
The party asked all actors to go back to the talks table to work on any shortages in the government’s formation especially balance inside it.
According to observers, the National Forces Alliance Party had to welcome the government and denied participation, because the PM’s views are close to the political situations of the party, in addition to the close relations between ministers and the party’s political leadership.
Silence was the stance of the National Front for the Salvation of Libya (NFSL) and the Change Parties, who both participated in Skhirat talks: they didn’t announce an approving or refusing reactions.
In South Libya, the announcement of the government met an acceptance amongst rival parties including Awlad Sliman tribe, Tuareg tribes, and Tabu tribes, because of deteriorating situations in security and services.
According to observers, some Tabu tribes were welcoming, because the deputy PM, Moussa Alkony’s Tuareg origins. Alkony’s family didn’t get into any fighting between Tabu and Tuareg in Oubari, sebha and Ghat cities.
The views of Federals in East Libya were variable. Chief of political bureau for Cyrenaica, Ibrahim Jadhran, who is close to deputy PM, Fathy Almgbry, has welcomed the government, while HoR member and talks delegation member, Abubakr Buera rejected the announced form of the government.
Buera said on his official Facebook page that, violations were made when a signed document was modified by adding a third deputy PM and assigning a chief for the State Council, instead of electing him.
He added that partisan quota was restored like the days of the GNC which ruins the political life.
He added that army leaders are “gone with the wind”. He also accused Leon of trying to end the talks even with a way that isn’t in the good of the Libyans.
Close sources to Buera explained his rejection to the government saying that, it is a reaction to not being nominated as a deputy PM for the National Accord Government.
Federal power is divided into what historically known as white Cyrenaica, and red Cyrenaica. White Cyrenaica stretches from Ajdabiya to Sirte, while the other from Benghazi to the Egyptian border.
The deputy PM, Fathy Almgbry, belongs to white Cyrenaica, which made Jadhran welcome the government while the federals from red Cyrenaica refuse it, as it doesn’t represent them.
It is because they believe that it is them who fight terrorism with the retired General Khalifa Haftar.
Tens went on demonstrations, on Friday, in pro-Operation Dignity cities of Benghazi, Almarg and Albaida to announce their rejection to the government, because of what analyzers described as removal of Haftar from the political and military scene.
In Tripoli, demonstrators, supporting the GNC, went out to reject the government for not including the modifications of the GNC in the draft.
The Local Council in Misrata supported the talks and said that the agreement was the only exit. They said the government was balanced politically and regionally.
Observers believe that Leon succeeded in turning the talks, around the agreement, into a form of the National Accord Government, with knowledge of the objections from all of the talks’ parties.
Next rounds will be about modifications to the government and locking the door of debates that the GNC opens.
According to observers, the reason of establishing refusal to the government by some names, was a preparation for the future cabinet reshuffle since they mayn’t be nominated by their supporters, if they don’t demonstrate their initial rejection to it.