United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) handed the final draft of the political agreement to the Libyan delegates in the national talks.
The 27-page draft, published on Tuesday, included the following chapters: Introduction, preamble, ruling principles of the agreement, national accord government, House of Representatives, HoR, Higher State Council, trust building measurements, security arrangements, constitutional process, specialized authorities and councils, international support, end rules, and additional rules, according to, Middle East News Agency MENA.
In addition, the draft includes also 6 annexes that includes names of Prime Minister, his 2 deputies, government members, priorities of the national accord government, the basic rules of state council’s work, suggestion for amending the constitutional declaration, regulatory principles for managing Libyan financial policy and national assets, and security arrangements.
The introduction stated that, the agreement is the sum of contributions from members of HoR and General National Congress, GNC, and other independent actors. The agreement is based on main 4 principles; guarantee of democratic rights, the need to Consensus government, enabling state institutions, respect of Libyan judiciary and its independence.
Ruling principles of the agreement stressed on that: commitment of forming national accord government and its authorities, HoR is the sole legislative authority during the transitional period, Islamic Sharia Is the source of legislation and no law can contradict it, protecting the rights of cultural components in the context of national identity, committing to respecting judiciary, its independence and integrity, criminalizing all sorts of violence or threats and enticing of violence, rejection of atonement, mistrust, intolerance, extremism, defamation and contempt and non-use of media in it, The state has the exclusive right to use force according to law, The army commits of not intervening in the constitutional system, and soldiers and officers are banned from engaging in the political action.
The principles also ban individuals, authorities and groups from creating formations, groups, military or paramilitary organizations outside the legitimacy of the state. It also imposes commitment to apply decisions of legislative authority concerning dismantling and merging militias into state’s civil and military institutions, and evacuating populated areas and civil and military buildings from militias.
In addition to activating transitional justice and prosecution in murder and torture cases; all prisons and detention centers should be under the actual control of the judiciary, besides, resolving the humanitarian situation of the displaced, facilitating their voluntary return to their areas, and fighting illegal immigration.
The ruling principles assert on the full commitment to relevant Security Council resolutions, and denouncing and fighting all forms of terrorist actions and its financers.
The agreement obliges the HoR, national accord government and institutions arising from the agreement to uphold the principle of consensus in doing its tasks, commit to protect the unity of the Libyan lands and the principles of February 17th revolution, included in thepreamble, denounce actions of the former regime, pay respect to the constitutional declaration and separation of powers, writing a permanent constitution that meet Libyans’ hopes, achieving equality through political and civil rights, activating the decentralized as the basis for local governance in the framework of the unity of the state and the principles of transparency and anti-corruption and integrity of economic institutions, and maintaining the national wealth and resources.
About the national accord government, the Council of Ministers is to be headed by Prime Minister, his 2 deputies will be members, one will be appointed for ministry of Affairs of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and the legislation, and the other for specialized council’s ministry. Making decisions requires the consensus of Chairman of the Board of Prime Minister and his two deputies.
The Prime Minister should consult with Libyan dialogue members about choosing ministers, submit his final agreed upon list within a month after the adoption of the agreement. The government’s term is one year starting from the date of gaining confidence from HoR, and the term will be renewed automatically if a new constitution wasn’t issued.
United Nations Secretary general, Ban Ki Mon, met on Tuesday the HoR chief, Ageela Saleh, with the presence of Foreign Minister, Mohamed El-Dairy, Libya’s permanent representative in UN, Ibrahim El-Dabbashi, and three HoR members in preparations so that the HoR will respond to results of the talks for consensus, signing the agreement and ending the Libyan crisis.
The Meeting focused on ways to ensure the success of the Libyan dialogue, which was signed with initial letters by Libyan parties in the Moroccan city of Skhirat.
A member of the media office of the HoR, Abdel Moneim Al-Jarray, said that, all parties are invited to attend the next round, which begins in New York on Thursday. The final draft of the agreement will be signed in this round, as well as announcing the formation of the national accord government and names of ministers’ council members.
The member of dialogue committee in HoR, Abu Bakr Buera, confirmed in a press statement, that the Committee will move on Wednesday to Tunisia on its way to New York in response to a call by the UNSMIL for the participants in the national dialogue.