Progress in the UN-brokered Libyan dialogue 

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    The UN-brokered Libyan dialogue has made progress according to the UN, and that it could be the “moment of truth” for the Libyan people, since the talks commenced on Saturday, in Skhirat. A member of the General National Congress (GNC) who was present in the dialogue said, “We have reached agreement on seven of the nine points in the political accord,”

    The two issues that are not currently agreed on, are related to how to appoint the members of the Higher State Council, and the appointments of the high positions in the state, including the head of the Libyan army. It is believed that more intense negotiations will take place before September 20 to clarify and solve the latter issues.

    Bernardino Leon, the head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), proposed that the Prime Minister of the new government, and his new deputies must take the responsibility of appointing the people who will take office in the main positions in the Libyan State, which will include the security, the army and civil positions, after forming the government.

    In relation to Leon’s proposal, the GNC are still insisting that the people who are currently in office must remain until the new accord government begins operating; to avoid any conflicts and unnecessary arguments between the two deputy Prime Ministers, of which one will be from the GNC and the other from the House of Representatives (HoR), these two parties are rivals, this is why the GNC believe that this will make the job easier for the accord government.

    The GNC says that all of the attending members of the GNC, who are 134 members, must be members of the Higher State Council, and no one must share their power in order to balance the power with the HoR.

    A member of the independent committee, who is taking part in the dialogue, al-Shareef al-Wafi, who was previously a member of the GNC, said that Leon told him that he agrees on the number of the members of the Higher State Council to be 134 members of the GNC. However, he has agreed to add the 94 former members of the GNC who resigned last year.

    Al-Wafi believes that in this case, the GNC cannot rule alone in the Higher State Council, which is why he suggested to Leon that the former members of the GNC should be added to the Higher State Council with the GNC. Despite Leon agreeing with al-Wafi, he said there is still an issue; they will need the HoR to agree on this proposal, he says that he doesn’t think they will agree, because they need the delegation of the HoR to go back to the HoR in Tobrok, to talk about this, then come out with a final agreement, which al-Wafi thinks will not happen.

    When the talks resumed on Thursday, Leon said “We are starting a new round of talks in the Libya process, which we hope will be the final round, the moment of truth for all the parties” he added “we are very hopeful that they will understand that this deadline of 20th of September must be the last one, it must be the one that will allow Libya to get out of this crisis”

    The peace plan set out by the UN hopes to set up a unity government, which will be a two-year transitional government would then work towards setting up and organising the parliamentary elections, for a more stable government, that can then deal with the other issues facing Libya.